Preview

Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology

Advanced search

STATINS AND MYOPATHY: MOLECULAR MECHANISMS

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2012-8-3-469-473

Full Text:

Abstract

The safety of statin therapy is considered. In particular the reasons of a complication such as myopathy are discussed in detail. The molecular mechanisms of statin myopathy , as well as its risk factors are presented. The role of coenzyme Q10 in the myopathy development and coenzyme Q10 application for the prevention of this complication are considered. 

About the Authors

O. M. Drapkina
I.M. Setchenov First Moscow State Medical University
Russian Federation


E. M. Chernova
I.M. Setchenov First Moscow State Medical University
Russian Federation


O. N. Korneeva
I.M. Setchenov First Moscow State Medical University
Russian Federation


References

1. National guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of stable angina. Kardiovaskulyarnaya Terapiya i Profilaktika 2008; 7(6) suppl 4: 1–40. Russian (Национальные рекомендации по диагностике и лечению стабильной стенокардии. Кардиоваскулярная Терапия и Профилактика 2008; 7(6) приложение 4: 1–40).

2. Arora R, Liebo M, Maldonado F. Statin-induced myopathy: the two faces of Janus. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther 2006;11(2):105–12.

3. Sewright KA, Clarkson PM, Thompson PD. Statin myopathy: incidence, risk factors, and pathophysiology. Curr Atheroscler Rep 2007;9(5):389–96.

4. Golomb BA, Evans MA. Statin adverse effects : a review of the literature and evidence for a mitochondrial mechanism. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs 2008;8(6):373–418.

5. Sewright KA, Clarkson PM, Thompson PD. Statin myopathy: incidence, risk factors, and pathophysiology. Curr Atheroscler Rep 2007;9(5):389–96.

6. Harper CR, Jacobson TA. The broad spectrum of statin myopathy: from myalgia to rhabdomyolysis. Curr Opin Lipidol 2007;18(4):401–8.

7. Meador BM, Huey KA. Statin-associated myopathy and its exacerbation with exercise. Muscle Nerve 2010;42(4):469–79.

8. Dirks AJ, Jones KM. Statin-induced apoptosis and skeletal myopathy. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2006;291(6):C1208–12.

9. Di Stasi SL, MacLeod TD, Winters JD, Binder-Macleod SA. Effects of statins on skeletal muscle: a perspective for physical therapists. Phys Ther 2010;90(10):1530–42.

10. Evans M, Rees A. Effects of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors on skeletal muscle: are all statins the same? Drug Saf 2002;25(9):649–63.

11. Toth PP, Harper CR, Jacobson TA. Clinical characterization and molecular mechanisms of statin my-opathy. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 2008;6(7):955–69.

12. Christopher-Stine L. Statin myopathy: an update. Curr Opin Rheumatol 2006;18(6):647–53.

13. Phillips PS, Haas RH. Statin myopathy as a metabolic muscle disease. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 2008;6(7):971–8.

14. Joy TR, Hegele RA. Narrative review: statin-related myopathy. Ann Intern Med 2009;150(12):858–68.

15. Arca M, Pigna G. Treating statin-intolerant patients. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2011;4:155–66.

16. Littarru GP, Langsjoen P. Coenzyme Q10 and statins: biochemical and clinical implications. Mitochondrion 2007;7 Suppl:S168–74.

17. Marcoff L, Thompson PD. The role of coenzyme Q10 in statin-associated myopathy: a systematic review. J Am Coll Cardiol 2007;49(23):2231–7.

18. Päivä H, Thelen KM, Van Coster R, et al. High-dose statins and skeletal muscle metabolism in humans: a randomized, controlled trial. Clin Pharmacol Ther 2005;78(1):60–8.

19. Suzuki T, Nozawa T, Sobajima M, et al. Atorvastatin-induced changes in plasma coenzyme q10 and brain natriuretic peptide in patients with coronary artery disease. Int Heart J 2008;49(4):423–33.

20. Lamperti C, Naini AB, Lucchini V, et al. Muscle coenzyme Q10 level in statin-related myopathy. Arch Neurol 2005;62(11):1709–12.

21. Laaksonen R, Jokelainen K, Sahi T, et al. Decreases in serum ubiquinone concentrations do not result in reduced levels in muscle tissue during short-term simvastatin treatment in humans. Clin Pharma-col Ther 1995;57(1):62–6.

22. Caso G, Kelly P, McNurlan MA, Lawson WE. Effect of coenzyme q10 on myopathic symptoms in patients treated with statins. Am J Cardiol 2007;99(10):1409–12.

23. Young JM, Florkowski CM, Molyneux SL, et al. Effect of coenzyme Q(10) supplementation on simvastatin-induced myalgia. Am J Cardiol 2007;100(9):1400–3.

24. Kjekshus J, Dunselman P, Blideskog M, et al; CORONA Study Group. A statin in the treatment of heart failure? Controlled rosuvastatin multinational study in heart failure (CORONA): study design and baseline characteristics. Eur J Heart Fail 2005;7(6):1059–69.

25. Kjekshus J, Apetrei E, Barrios V, et al; CORONA Group. Rosuvastatin in older patients with systolic heart failure. N Engl J Med 2007;357(22):2248–61.


For citation:


Drapkina O.M., Chernova E.M., Korneeva O.N. STATINS AND MYOPATHY: MOLECULAR MECHANISMS. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2012;8(3):469-473. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2012-8-3-469-473

Views: 384


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 1819-6446 (Print)
ISSN 2225-3653 (Online)