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Renal Function Protection as an Important Component of a Comprehensive Approach to the Management of Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2021-12-08

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Abstract

The increase in the life expectancy of the population  is accompanied by an increase in the prevalence of diseases for which old and senile age are risk factors. Atrial fibrillation (AF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are two diseases that can coexist in a patient. The risk of ac thromboembolic and hemorrhagic events in this case increases due to the mutual aggravating influence of these diseases. In addition,  these patients have a high incidence of coronary  events, and cardiovascular complications are the main cause of death in patients with AF and CKD. Consequently, such patients require an integrated  approach  to treatment,  and their management is a complex  clinical task. The direct oral anticoagulant rivaroxaban has been most studied in a population  of comorbid  AF and CKD  patients and has proven a high efficacy and safety profile in these patients in randomized controlled trials. In addition,  rivaroxaban has shown  a significant  reduction in the risk of myocardial  infarction  in various patients,  as well as the possibility of preserving renal function to a greater extent compared  with warfarin therapy, and a possible positive effect on reducing  the risk of cognitive impairment.  A single dosing  regimen  can improve adherence  to treatment,  which is one of the key conditions  for achieving  the above effects. Thus, these factors make it possible to achieve comprehensive protection of comorbid  patients with AF and CKD.

About the Author

T. V. Pavlova
Samara State Medical University
Russian Federation

Tatyana V. Pavlova.

Samara.



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Pavlova T.V. Renal Function Protection as an Important Component of a Comprehensive Approach to the Management of Patients with Atrial Fibrillation. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2021;17(6):916-926. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2021-12-08

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