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Impact of Gut Microbiota on the Risk of Cardiometabolic Diseases Development

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2021-10-14

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Abstract

Obesity is a multifactorial disease that leads to excessive adipose tissue accumulation, mainly visceral fat. Importance and prevalence of obesity has increased significantly in recent decades all over the world. Until now, the pandemic of obesity has been associated more to lifestyle changes: excessive eating and low physical activity. In recent years, special attention has been paid to studying of composition and functions of intestinal microbiota as major factor in development of obesity and related comorbidities, such as hypertension, cardiac ischemia, heart failure and others. It is proved that gut microbiota affects extraction, accumulation and consumption of energy derived from food, lipid metabolism and immune response. It is also revealed that composition of the microbiota is different in thin and obese people. Thus, study of the relationship between intestinal microbiota composition and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, in particular obesity, is an actual task. The purpose of this review is analyzing of literature about assessment of relationship between composition and functions of intestinal microbiota in the diagnostics, prevention and treatment of obesity and cardiovascular diseases.

About the Authors

L. E. Vasilyeva
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Lyubov E. Vasilyeva

Moscow



O. M. Drapkina
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Oxana M. Drapkina

Moscow, eLibrary SPIN 4456-1297



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For citation:


Vasilyeva L.E., Drapkina O.M. Impact of Gut Microbiota on the Risk of Cardiometabolic Diseases Development. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2021;17(5):743-751. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2021-10-14

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