Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology

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Social Network-Based Digital Stroke Prevention: Opportunities, Results and Prospects

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Aim. To study the possibilities and limitations of the social network as a digital medical tool, which is aimed at improving programs for primary and secondary stroke prevention in young people.

Material and methods. The study was carried out in the format of online training for volunteers. At the first stage of the work, the online school “Stroke in Young People” was announced in 8 medical blogs. As part of the school, a special account was created for readers (n=1354). At the second stage, 49 respondents (4% of men, whose average age was 24.4±5.2 years) were selected from 1354 listeners, who were surveyed on “Awareness of risk factors and stroke symptoms among users of social networks” before and after the online school.

Results. The online school audience is predominantly female (91%), and 43% of readers were in the 25-34 age group. The total number of people who listened to and read the online school material is 8712 people. 17% worked in the healthcare system, and 22% of respondents had a history of stroke. 38 (78%) people of the 2nd stage among the respondents independently searched for information about stroke earlier, and 30 (61%) received this information passively from medical workers in 2020. Before the online school start, the majority of respondents (over 60%) were aware of 2 out of 7 stroke risk factors (dyslipidemia and arterial hypertension) and 3 out of 6 stroke signs (drooping of the face half, weakness in the limbs and difficulty speaking). Less than 40% of the participants considered the stroke risk factors for diabetes mellitus, other cardiovascular diseases (CVD), obesity, and alcohol use; less than 20% were aware of stroke symptoms such as impaired vision and coordination and very severe headache. After completing online learning, the greatest increase in knowledge was found among the following risk factors – smoking and other CVDs (p<0.05); stroke symptoms - headache and drooping of the face half (p<0.05).

Conclusion. The online school aroused interest among healthcare workers and people without medical education, including those with stroke. Most of the respondents believed that they knew how to prevent a stroke (over 80%) and would be able to provide first aid to a person with a stroke (over 90%). At the same time, the awareness of risk factors and stroke symptoms was low prior to the start of learning, even though the study included healthcare workers and stroke survivors. Online learning has led to increased awareness of some risk factors and stroke symptoms. Social media can be one of the tools for medical prevention of stroke in young people, but program planning should take into account the way the material is presented and its readability.

About the Authors

A. E. Demkina
National Medical Research Center of Cardiology; Research and Practical Clinical Center for Diagnostics and Telemedicine Technologies of the Moscow Health Care Department
Russian Federation

Aleksandra E. Demkina

Moscow, eLibrary SPIN 4657-5501

M. V. Bezzubtseva
Medical Center of the City of Voronezh
Russian Federation

Margarita V. Bezzubtseva

eLibrary SPIN 5617-0958

M. N. Ryabinina
Sanatorium Yuzhnoe Vzmorye
Russian Federation

Mariya N. Ryabinina

Sochi, eLibrary SPIN 6991-8520

Ya. A. Kotlyar
Research Center of Neurology
Russian Federation

Yana A. Kotlyar

Moscow, eLibrary SPIN 6161-7090

O. L. Keln
Clinical hospital Mother and Child
Russian Federation

Olga L. Keln

Tyumen, eLibrary SPIN 1064-7526

А. V. Sarapulova
Urals State Medical University
Russian Federation

Anastasia V. Sarapulova

Yekaterinburg, eLibrary SPIN 9028-8595

R. R. Zhetishev
Moscow State Polyclinic № 166
Russian Federation

Rustam R. Zhetishev

Moscow, eLibrary SPIN 9103-8482

V. S. Kuvaev
Clinical hospital Fomina
Russian Federation

Vadim S. Kuvaev

Moscow, eLibrary SPIN 6313-6437

M. Y. Maksimova
Research Center of Neurology
Russian Federation

Marina Yu. Maksimova

Moscow, eLibrary SPIN 5389-7907

N. V. Pogosova
National Medical Research Center of Cardiology
Russian Federation

Nana V. Pogosova

Moscow, eLibrary SPIN 4168-6400

I. V. Zhetisheva
Kabardino-balkarian state university n.a. H.M. Berbekov
Russian Federation

Irina S. Zhetisheva

Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, eLibrary SPIN 3006-1941


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For citation:

Demkina A.E., Bezzubtseva M.V., Ryabinina M.N., Kotlyar Y.A., Keln O.L., Sarapulova А.V., Zhetishev R.R., Kuvaev V.S., Maksimova M.Y., Pogosova N.V., Zhetisheva I.V. Social Network-Based Digital Stroke Prevention: Opportunities, Results and Prospects. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2021;17(5):696-701.

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ISSN 1819-6446 (Print)
ISSN 2225-3653 (Online)