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Main Factors Related with the White Coat Effect Level in Patients with Arterial Hypertension and Bronchial Asthma

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2021-04-11

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Abstract

Aim. To study the main relationships of the white coat effect (WCE) levels in patients with arterial hypertension (AH) with bronchial asthma (BA) who treated with AH and BA drugs in routine clinical practice.

Material and Methods. We analyzed the prospective cohort study data of AH patients, some of them had BA without exacerbation. We have formed two groups of patients:1 - control group, patients with AH without BA, the second - with AH + BA. The study consisted of three visits (first visit, 6 months and 12 months visits) and data collection period (30.1±7.6 months of follow-up). The following procedures were performed at the first and 12 month visits: clinical blood pressure (BP) measurements (sitting and standing), 24-hour monitoring ambulatory (ABPM), spirometry, clinical and biochemical blood tests, BA control questionnaires (ACQ) and quality of life (QL) questionnaire (GWBQ), at the second visit clinical BP measurement was performed and, if necessary, the drug dose was corrected.

Results. The study included 125 patients, 28 men, 97 women. The first group of AH patients without BA included 85 people, the second (AH + BA) - 40. In AH patients without BA with ischemic heart disease, arterial revascularization, regular alcohol intake and smoking we identified the association with the lower WCE levels. In AH+BA patients with diabetes mellitus, gastrointestinal diseases, higher education was identified WCE decrease. In AH patients without asthma we found inverse relationships WCE levels with respiratory function parameters, the nighttime BP decrease, heart rate and the difference between standing and sitting BP levels, and correlations with the EchoCG variables (the left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) indices), with age, AH duration and body mass index (BMI). In patients with AH + BA we found inverse correlations between WCE levels and some EchoCG variables, the difference between standing and sitting BP levels, and correlations with body weight, BMI.

Conclusion. Thereby, in AH patients without BA with ischemic heart disease, revascularization, regular alcohol intake, smoking we identified the association with the lower WCE levels. This patients WCE indices had inverse correlations with height, respiratory function parameters, the BP nighttime decrease, the difference between standing and sitting BP levels and direct relationships with EchoCG variables of LVH, age, AH duration and BMI. In AH + BA patients with diabetes, gastrointestinal diseases, higher education we found relationships with lesser WCE manifestation. WCE levels in this group had inverse correlations with some EchoCG indicators, the standing and sitting BP difference and direct relations with weight and BMI.

About the Authors

G. F. Andreeva
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Galiya F. Andreeva - eLibrary SPIN 5401-4631

Moscow



M. I. Smirnova
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Marina I. Smirnova

Moscow



V. M. Gorbunov
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Vladimir M. Gorbunov - eLibrary SPIN 5111-1303

Moscow



A. S. Kurekhyan
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Kurekhyan Armine Saribekovna

Moscow



Y. N. Koshelyaevskaya
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Yana N. Koshelyaevskaya

Moscow



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For citation:


Andreeva G.F., Smirnova M.I., Gorbunov V.M., Kurekhyan A.S., Koshelyaevskaya Y.N. Main Factors Related with the White Coat Effect Level in Patients with Arterial Hypertension and Bronchial Asthma. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2021;17(2):212-220. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2021-04-11

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