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Lipid Clinic is an Efficacious Model of Preventive Medicine

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2021-01-02

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Abstract

Aim. To characterize patients accessing lipid clinic and assess the efficiency of treatment in a specialized medical center.

Material and methods. A retrospective analysis of the surviving medical records of outpatients who visited the lipid clinic of the National Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine (Moscow, Russia) in 2011-2019 (n=675) was carried out. Cardiovascular risk (CVR) and target lipoproteins levels were evaluated in accordance with actual guidelines for the diagnostics and correction of dyslipidemias.

Results. The mediana of lipid clinic patients age was 57 [46;65] years. Female persons attend lipid clinic more often (61.5%). 48.5% of patients had low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) >4.9 mmol/L, 7.7% had triglycerides level >5.5 mmol/L. Most of the patients were diagnosed with type IIa hyperlipidemia (44,1%) or type IIb (28,0%). Inherited impaired lipid metabolism was diagnosed in 27.7% individuals. 12.7% of the patients had familial hypercholesterolemia, 57.4% – had secondary causes of impaired lipid metabolism. More than half of the patients (52.4%) had low or moderate CVR, 28.1% had a very high CVR. High or very high CVR individuals revisited the lipid clinic more often than people with lower risk (68.2% vs. 35.4%). Revisiting patients (25.4%) reached LDL-c targets more often (33.3% of very high CVR patients; 45.5% of moderate-risk people) than in ordinary outpatient practice. High-intensity statin therapy was recommended for 32% of patients, and combined lipid-lowering therapy – for 14.8%. Among very high CVR individuals, combined lipid-lowering therapy was prescribed for 38.5%. Given the lipid-lowering therapy prescribed in the lipid clinic, LDL-с<1.8 mmol/L and<1.5 mmol/L will be achieved at 40.7% and 32.9% of patients with very high СVR.

Conclusion. Lipid clinic is an important part of the medical care system for long-term follow-up of patients with impaired lipid metabolism, and it is more efficient in achieving target values of lipids and correcting risk factors in comparison with the primary medical service.

About the Authors

A. V. Blokhina
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Anastasia V. Blokhina

Moscow

eLibrary SPIN: 1103-6168



A. I. Ershova
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Alexandra I. Ershova

Moscow

eLibrary SPIN: 5292-5612



A. N. Meshkov
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Alexey N. Meshkov

Moscow

eLibrary SPIN: 6340-5187



A. S. Limonova
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Alena S. Limonova

Moscow

eLibrary SPIN: 1762-2462



V. I. Mikhailina
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Victoria I. Mihailina

Moscow

eLibrary SPIN: 8954-8462



O. M. Drapkina
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Oxana M. Drapkina

Moscow

eLibrary SPIN: 4456-1297



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For citation:


Blokhina A.V., Ershova A.I., Meshkov A.N., Limonova A.S., Mikhailina V.I., Drapkina O.M. Lipid Clinic is an Efficacious Model of Preventive Medicine. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2021;17(1):4-10. https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2021-01-02

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ISSN 1819-6446 (Print)
ISSN 2225-3653 (Online)