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Healthy Diet: New Rations for Individual Use

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Nutrition is one of the most significant factors influencing the state of health, the development of diseases and the generally the human longevity. The nature of nutrition, which has a protective effect, is the basis of the healthy diet. Among healthy nutritious rations, there are those that have developed naturally, formed from the cultural food heritage and later were made in scientific nutritional recommendations. These are such diets as the Mediterranean type of food, the Scandinavian diet, the Tibetan style of food, etc. At the same time, there are diets specially developed by specialists for specific purposes. All of them correspond to the basic principles of the healthy diet: balance, usefulness and energy balance. This article offers an overview of the use of individual diets that have been developed by nutritionists, such as the intermittent fasting diet, the Paleo diet, and the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet. The article discusses the differences and advantages of these dietary approaches, presents the results of effectiveness, considers the limitations and features of their use.

About the Authors

O. B. Shvabskaia
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Olga B. Shvabskaia - Researcher, Laboratory of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine.
Petroverigsky per. 10, Moscow, 101990.

N. S. Karamnova
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Natalia S. Karamnova - MD, PhD, Head of Laboratory of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine.
Petroverigsky per. 10, Moscow, 101990.

O. V. Izmailova
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Olga V. Izmailova - MD, PhD, Senior Researcher, Department of Primary Prevention of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases, National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine.
Petroverigsky per. 10, Moscow, 101990.


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Shvabskaia O.B., Karamnova N.S., Izmailova O.V. Healthy Diet: New Rations for Individual Use. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2020;16(6):958-965. (In Russ.)

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