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Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology

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Felodipine in Treatment of Arterial Hypertension and Ischemic Heart Disease

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2020-08-13

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Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death both in the world and in the Russian Federation. The most significant contributors to the increase in mortality are arterial hypertension (AH) and ischemic heart disease (IHD). Dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are the first line of treatment for these conditions. This is noted in the clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of AH and in the guidelines for the management of patients with chronic coronary syndromes. CCBs are a heterogeneous group of drugs that have both general and individual pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. They are used in patients with AH and/or IHD, including those with concomitant diseases (diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, peripheral arterial disease). Felodipine is one of the CCBs. It has a combination of clinical effects, allowing the drug to be prescribed as a first-line therapy for AH, IHD and a combination of these diseases. This is noted in the registered indications for its use. This CCB has a sufficient evidence base of clinical trials demonstrating not only good antihypertensive and antianginal potential of the drug, but also the nephroprotection and cerebroprotection properties. The nephroprotective effect of felodipine is associated with a slowdown in the progression of chronic kidney disease, and the cerebroprotective effect is associated with a decrease in the risk of stroke and an improvement in cognitive functioning. The safety profile of felodipine is favorable: peripheral edema develops much less frequently. This is confirmed by the results of comparative studies. Felodipine is recommended for a wide range of patients with AH, IHD and their combination due to such clinical and pharmacological properties.

About the Authors

O. D. Ostroumova
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education; I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Olga D. Ostroumova – MD, PhD, Professor, Head of Chair of Therapy and Polymorbid Pathology, Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education; Professor, Chair of Clinical Pharmacology and Propaedeutics of Internal Medicine, Sechenov University

Barrikadnaya ul. 2/1, Moscow, 125993, 

Trubetskaya ul. 8-2, Moscow, 119991



I. A. Alautdinova
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education
Russian Federation

Irina A. Alautdinova – MD, PhD, Assistant, Chair of Therapy and Polymorbid Pathology

Barrikadnaya ul. 2/1, Moscow, 125993



A. I. Kochetkov
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education
Russian Federation

Alexey I. Kochetkov – MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Chair of Therapy and Polymorbid Pathology

Barrikadnaya ul. 2/1, Moscow, 125993



S. N. Litvinova
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education
Russian Federation

Svetlana N. Litvinova – MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Chair of Therapy and Polymorbid Pathology

Barrikadnaya ul. 2/1, Moscow, 125993



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For citation:


Ostroumova O.D., Alautdinova I.A., Kochetkov A.I., Litvinova S.N. Felodipine in Treatment of Arterial Hypertension and Ischemic Heart Disease. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2020;16(4):654-662. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2020-08-13

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ISSN 1819-6446 (Print)
ISSN 2225-3653 (Online)