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Mediterranean Diet: Origin History, Main Components, Evidence of Benefits and Feasibility to Adapt to the Russian Reality

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2020-04-03

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Abstract

An unhealthy diet takes the lead in the concept of cardiovascular risk factors. It contributes to the development of various so-called “alimentary-dependent” risk factors and conditions: overweight/obesity, hyperglycemia, high blood pressure and hypercholesterolemia. This, in turn, leads to high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Many ways to rationalize and improve nutrition have been suggested. But the supremacy in prevention of cardiovascular diseases over the past decades steadily belongs to the Mediterranean diet. The history of origin, its main components, as well as the studies in which its usefulness has been proven, became the subject of this review. In addition, issues of adaptation of the Mediterranean diet to the Russian reality are submitted for discussion.

About the Authors

D. U. Akasheva
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Dariga U. Akasheva – MD, PhD, Leading Researcher, Department of Fundamental and Applied Aspects of Obesity

Petroverigsky per. 10, Moscow, 101990 



O. M. Drapkina
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

Oxana M. Drapkina – MD, PhD, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director

Petroverigsky per. 10, Moscow, 101990 


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For citation:


Akasheva D.U., Drapkina O.M. Mediterranean Diet: Origin History, Main Components, Evidence of Benefits and Feasibility to Adapt to the Russian Reality. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2020;16(2):307-316. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2020-04-03

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