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Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology

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Doctors’ Adherence to the Guidelines on the Diagnostics and Treatment of Arterial Hypertension

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2019-15-4-502-509

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Abstract

Aim. Examination of knowledge of the basic provisions of clinical guidelines for the management of patients with arterial hypertension and finding out the readiness of doctors for the practical application of updated recommendations

Material and methods. Anonymous questionnaires of 306 doctors served as material for the study. The questionnaire consisted of two parts. The introductory part included questions that allow to find out the specialty, work experience, gender, age, and whether the respondent has cardiovascular risk factors. The main part of the questionnaire included 16 questions regarding provisions of the guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of arterial hypertension in force at the time of the survey (2017/2018 academic year). Statistical processing of the results was carried out using the Microsoft Excel 2010 software package. Differences were regarded as significant at p<0.05.

Results. The findings suggest that both therapists and cardiologists do not give due importance to the risk stratification of cardiovascular complications in patients with arterial hypertension and are not sufficiently aware of the possibilities and limitations of the use of combinations of antihypertensive drugs. Therapists worse than cardiologists know the main points of the clinical guidelines for the management of patients with arterial hypertension (target blood pressure levels during treatment [64.6% vs 87.7%, p<0.001], indications for combination antihypertensive therapy starting, the possibility of fixed dose combinations using [52.3% vs 83.9%, p<0.001]). A significant part of physicians (both cardiologists and therapists) adequately assess the antihypertensive treatment effectiveness, not enough frequent achievement of the target blood pressure level in their patients and is willing to provide more strict control of blood pressure.

Conclusion. The results of the survey indicate the need of the active education of doctors in the management of patients with arterial hypertension. The most attention should be paid to the training of therapists and general practitioners on the cardiovascular complications risk stratification, the using of the antihypertensive drugs combinations use and methods to increase patient adherence to antihypertensive therapy.

About the Authors

N. B. Perepech
Saint-Petersburg State University
Russian Federation

Nikita B. Perepech – MD, PhD, Professor, Head of Clinical, Research and Education Center “Cardiology”

Universitetskaya nab. 7-9, St. Petersburg, 199034



V. D. Shurygina
Saint-Petersburg State University
Russian Federation

Valeria D. Shurygina – MD, PhD, Senior Researcher, Clinical, Research and Education Center “Cardiology”

Universitetskaya nab. 7-9, St. Petersburg, 199034



A. V. Tregubov
Saint-Petersburg State University
Russian Federation

Aleksey V. Tregubov – MD, Junior Researcher, Clinical, Research and Education Center “Cardiology”

Universitetskaya nab. 7-9, St. Petersburg, 199034



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For citation:


Perepech N.B., Shurygina V.D., Tregubov A.V. Doctors’ Adherence to the Guidelines on the Diagnostics and Treatment of Arterial Hypertension. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2019;15(4):502-509. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2019-15-4-502-509

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ISSN 1819-6446 (Print)
ISSN 2225-3653 (Online)