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Multi-Ethnic Analysis of Cardiac Pharmacogenetic Markers of Cytochrome P450 and Membrane Transporters Genes in the Russian Population

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Aim. To summarize Russian studies using pharmacogenetic testing as applied to cardiology.
Material and methods. The authors conducted an online search for articles in December 2018 using the following databases: PubMed, Google Scholar, eLIBRARY. The search was carried out by keywords: "Russia", "Russian", "cardiology" together with the terms associated with the polymorphic marker, including: «P450», «CYP2C19», «CYP2D6», «CYP2B1», «CYP2B6», «CYP2Е1», «CYP2C8», «CYP2C9», «CYP3A4», «CYP3A5», «CYP1A1», «CYP1A2», «CYP4F2», «CYP4F1», «ABCB1», «SLCO1B1», «VKORC1», «GGCX», «SULT1A1», «CULT1», «CES1», «gene», «genes», «pharmacogenetics», «pharmacogenomics», «ethnic group».
Results. Generalization of information allowed to identify obscure genes that need to be investigated in pharmacogenetic studies. This information can be used for the development of dosing algorithms and the priority choice of drugs, considering the results of pharmacogenetic testing and planning future research.
Conclusion. The results of the literature review indicate the importance of studying the most clinically valid and clinically useful pharmacogenetic markers (CYP2C19, CYP2C9, VKORC1, SLCO1B1) among various ethnic groups in the Russian Federation. With the accumulation of evidence of clinical validity and clinical utility of other pharmacogenetic markers (CES1, CYP2D6*4, etc.), the problem of interethnic differences in the carriage of clinically significant polymorphisms of these genes identified in previous studies in the Russian Federation increasingly requires attention. The most promising for the introduction into the clinical practice in the Russian Federation in the near future are polymorphic markers of the CYP2C19, CYP2C9, VKORC1 and SLCO1B1 genes.

About the Authors

K. B. Mirzaev
Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Senior Researcher, Research Center

 Barrikadnaya ul. 2, Moscow, 123242 Russia

D. S. Fedorinov
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Student, International School "Medicine of the Future", Biomedical Science and Technology Park

Trubetskaya ul. 8-2, Moscow, 119991 Russia

D. V. Ivashchenko
Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Researcher, Department of Personalized Medicine, Research Institute of Molecular and Personalized Medicine; Assistant, Department of Child Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

 Barrikadnaya ul. 2, Moscow, 123242 Russia

D. A. Sychev
Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of Chair of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapy, Rector

 Barrikadnaya ul. 2, Moscow, 123242 Russia


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For citations:

Mirzaev K.B., Fedorinov D.S., Ivashchenko D.V., Sychev D.A. Multi-Ethnic Analysis of Cardiac Pharmacogenetic Markers of Cytochrome P450 and Membrane Transporters Genes in the Russian Population. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2019;15(3):393-406. (In Russ.)

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