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The Trends of Cardiovascular and Cancer Mortality in Russian Men and Women from 2000 to 2016 years

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2019-15-1-77-83

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Abstract

Aim. To compare trends from CVD and cancer mortality in the Russian Federation from 2000 to 2016. depending on age and gender.

Material and methods. The official statistics on mortality of Federal state statistics Service and the data obtained in the Russian database of fertility and mortality of the Center for Demographic Studies of the Russian Economic School, Moscow (Russia) were used. Mortality from CVD, including coronary heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular disease (CerVD), other CVD, and cancer, including prostate cancer in men and breast cancer in women, stomach cancer, trachea, bronchus and lung cancer were analyzed from 2000 to 2016.

Results. From 2000 to 2016 CVD mortality leads in comparison with deaths from cancer both in absolute number of deaths and in standardized deaths rates (SDR). There was a decrease in SDR from CVD and cancer between 2003 and 2016, however, rate of decline in the mortality rate from cancer was much less pronounced compared to CVD. At the same time, there is a trend towards a convergence in mortality from both causes in all age groups, with the exception of 75 years and older. For women in the age group of 35–64 years in 2016, the SDR from CVD was slightly lower than from cancer. The decrease in mortality from CVD was accompanied by a decrease in mortality from CHD and the CerVD, the latter was more pronounced in women. The overall mortality rate from cancer was characterized by a decrease in gastric cancer in people of both sexes, trachea, bronchus and lung cancer in men and breast cancer in women and an increase in prostate cancer in men.

Conclusion. The ratio of mortality of CVD to cancer and their age characteristics are important for health care. Keeping in mind a present high rate of CVD deaths and cancer deaths rate decline is still not enough, there are now already two big problems for the health care and prevention is a key, especially with common risk factors. These changing trends in mortality may support evidence for changes in the policy of resource allocation in the country. 

About the Authors

S. A. Shalnova
National Medical Research Center for Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Professor, Head of Department of Epidemiology of Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases,

Petroverigsky per. 10, Moscow, 101990



O. M. Drapkina
National Medical Research Center for Preventive Medicine
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director, 

Petroverigsky per. 10, Moscow, 101990



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For citation:


Shalnova S.A., Drapkina O.M. The Trends of Cardiovascular and Cancer Mortality in Russian Men and Women from 2000 to 2016 years Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2019;15(1):77-83. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2019-15-1-77-83

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