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Comparative Analysis of Antithrombotic Therapy in In-Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2019-15-1-49-53

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Abstract

Aim. To study the frequency of prescribing antithrombotic agents in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) who were hospitalized in the cardiology department of a multidisciplinary hospital.

Material and methods. A retrospective one-time study of medical records of 765 patients with non-valvular AF treated in the cardiology department of a multidisciplinary hospital in 2012 and 2016 was performed.

Results. All patients were stratified in three groups depending on the CHA2DS2-VASc score. The frequency of prescribing antithrombotic agents was evaluated in each group. A low risk of thromboembolic complications was found in 1% (n=3) of patients in 2012 and 0.6% (n=3) in 2016. All these patients received antithrombotic agents. CHA2DS2-VASc=1 was found in 6% (n=15) of patients with AF in 2012 and in 3.4% (n=17) in 2016. A significant number of patients in this group received anticoagulant therapy with vitamin K antagonists (warfarin) or with direct oral anticoagulants. A high risk of thromboembolic complications (CHA2DS2-VASc≥2) was found in 93% of patient (n=245) in 2012 and in 96% (n=482) in 2016. Anticoagulant therapy was prescribed in 70.2% (n=172) patients with high risk in 2012 and 80% (n=387) in 2016. However, some patients with high risk of thromboembolic complications did not have the necessary therapy.

Conclusion. Positive changes in the structure and frequency of prescribing anticoagulant drugs in patients with AF and a high risk of thromboembolic complications were found during the years studied. 

About the Authors

V. I. Petrov
Volgograd State Medical University
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Science, Head of Chair of Clinical Pharmacology and Intensive Therapy with Clinical Pharmacology and Clinical Allergology, College of Advanced Medical Studies,

Pavshikh Bortsov pl. 1, Volgograd, 400131



O. V. Shatalova
Volgograd State Medical University
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Chair of Clinical Pharmacology and Intensive Therapy with Clinical Pharmacology and Clinical Allergology, College of Advanced Medical Studies, 

Pavshikh Bortsov pl. 1, Volgograd, 400131



A. S. Gerasimenko
Volgograd State Medical University
Russian Federation

MD, Post-Graduate Student for PhD, Chair of Clinical Pharmacology and Intensive Therapy with Clinical Pharmacology and Clinical Allergology, College of Advanced Medical Studies,

Pavshikh Bortsov pl. 1, Volgograd, 400131



V. S. Gorbatenko
Volgograd State Medical University
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Assistant, Chair of Clinical Pharmacology and Intensive Therapy with Clinical Pharmacology and Clinical Allergology, College of Advanced Medical Studies,

Pavshikh Bortsov pl. 1, Volgograd, 400131



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For citation:


Petrov V.I., Shatalova O.V., Gerasimenko A.S., Gorbatenko V.S. Comparative Analysis of Antithrombotic Therapy in In-Patients with Atrial Fibrillation. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2019;15(1):49-53. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2019-15-1-49-53

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ISSN 1819-6446 (Print)
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