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The Role of PCSK9 Inhibitors in the Improvement of Outcomes in Patients after Acute Coronary Syndrome: Results of ODYSSEY OUTCOMES Trial

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2018-14-6-922-934

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Abstract

The aim of this review was to present the recently published results of ODYSSEY OUTCOMES trial and discuss the clinical perspective of these data. Patients with acute coronary syndrome are at very high risk of recurrent ischemic cardiovascular complications, especially during the first year after the event. The use of high-intensity statin therapy in this group of patients does not always lead to the achievement of target levels of atherogenic lipoproteins. PCSK9 inhibitors, administered in addition to statins, can provide additional reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, which leads to further improvements of outcomes in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. According to the latest results from ODYSSEY OUTCOMES trial, among patients with recent acute coronary syndrome, who were receiving high-intensity statin therapy, the risk of recurrent ischemic cardiovascular events was lower among those who were treated with alirocumab then among those who received placebo. The treatment with alirocumab in patients with recent acute coronary syndrome was associated with reduction in death from any causes. The absolute risk reduction with alirocumab was the most prominent in the subpopulation of patients with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥2,6 mmol/l at baseline. These results have implication for clinical practice and may play an important role for the improvement of outcomes in patients at highest cardiovascular risk after acute cardiovascular syndrome.

About the Author

Yu. A. Karpov
National Medical Research Centre of Cardiology
Russian Federation
MD, PhD, Professor, Head of Department of Angiology


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For citation:


Karpov Y.A. The Role of PCSK9 Inhibitors in the Improvement of Outcomes in Patients after Acute Coronary Syndrome: Results of ODYSSEY OUTCOMES Trial. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2018;14(6):922-934. https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2018-14-6-922-934

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