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The Impact of Valsartan/Amlodipine Single-Pill Combination on Blood Pressure and Vascular Stiffness in Patients with Grade 1-2 Essential Arterial Hypertension

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2018-14-6-831-839

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Abstract

Aim. To investigate the impact of valsartan/amlodipine single-pill combination (V/A SPC) on arterial stiffness parameters and 24-hours blood pressure (BP) level in the middle-aged patients with stage II grade 1-2 essential arterial hypertension (HT). Material and methods. A group of patients with stage II grade 1-2 HT who had not previously received regular antihypertensive therapy (n=38, age 49.7±7.0 years) was retrospectively formed. All the patients were treated with V/A SPC and all of them achieved target office BP (<140/90 mm Hg). 12 weeks after reaching the target BP the assessment of V/A SPC therapy effectiveness and vascular stiffness (general clinical data, ambulatory BP monitoring, volume sphygmography, echocardiography) were performed in all included HT patients. Sex- and age-matched healthy people with normal BP (n=86, age 48.8±5.8years) and in whom similar clinical and vascular stiffness data were available represented a control group. Results. According to the ambulatory BP monitoring data systolic, diastolic and pulse BP significantly (p<0.001) decreased after the treatment with V/A SPC. Volume sphygmography has showed significant decrease in right-CAVI value from 8.9±1.3 to 7.3±1.4 (p=0.021) as well as a reduction the number of patients with a right- and/or left-CAVI>9.0 from 31.6 to 10.5% (p=0,049). According to an assessment of arterial stiffness the augmentation index decreased significantly by 23.6±8.6% from -23.0±17.1 to -28.9±18.7 (p=0.034. Transthoracic echocardiography data has demonstrated decrease in effective arterial elastance from 1.73±0.35 to 1.60±0.32 mm Hg (p=0.016) and increase in the arterial compliance – from 1.30±0.38 to 1.43±0.34 mm Hg/ml (p=0.049). Conclusions. In naive patients 40-65 years old with stage II grade 1-2 HT antihypertensive therapy with V/A SPC provides effective 24 hours BP control and improves arterial stiffness parameters.

About the Authors

E. V. Borisova
A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry; E.O. Mukhin Municipal Clinical Hospital
Russian Federation
MD, Cardiologist, Cardiology Department N1, E.O. Mukhin Municipal Clinical Hospital


A. I. Kochetkov
A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry
Russian Federation
MD, PhD, Assistant, Chair of Faculty Therapy and Occupational Diseases


O. D. Ostroumova
A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry
Russian Federation
MD, PhD, Professor, Chair of Faculty Therapy and Occupational Diseases


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For citation:


Borisova E.V., Kochetkov A.I., Ostroumova O.D. The Impact of Valsartan/Amlodipine Single-Pill Combination on Blood Pressure and Vascular Stiffness in Patients with Grade 1-2 Essential Arterial Hypertension. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2018;14(6):831-839. https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2018-14-6-831-839

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