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NFLUENCE OF CYP4F2*3 ON RESPONSE TO CLOPIDOGREL IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2018-14-1-47-52

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Abstract

Background. Carriership of CYP4F2*3 (rs2108622, Val433Met) allelic variant can affect antiplatelet effect of clopidogrel, thus changing efficacy and safety of its standard dose.

Aim. To study the impact of carriership of at least one CYP4F2*3 allele on the risk of resistance to clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Material and methods. The study enrolled 81 patients with ACS and PCI: 64 males and 17 females, mean age 63.9±10.9 years. CYP4F2 allelic variants were detected by the method of real-time polymerase chain reaction. Platelet functional activity was evaluated by a portative aggregometer – the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay.

Results. Pharmacogenetic testing showed that 40 (49.4%) of ACS patients had normal genotype (CC), 38 (46.9%) patients were carriers of one associated with reduced drug metabolism allele (CT genotype), and 3 (3.7%) patients were homozygotes for T (TT genotype). Genotype and allele distribution was in the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (c2=2.79; p=0.095). There were no statistically significant differences in CYP4F2*3 allele frequency between patients that are resistant to clopidogrel (PRU>208) and in patients with a normal response to clopidogrel (PRU<208): 36.8% vs 54.8% (р=0.17). Average platelet reactivity units (PRU) and average platelet inhibition (%) in patients with and without T allelic variant of CYP4F2 also were not significantly different: 165.34±51.03 PRU vs 174.8±51.06 PRU (p=0.407), respectively, and 29.51±21.59% vs 27.72±18.35%, respectively (p=0.69).

Conclusion. Carriership of CYP4F2*3 allelic variant does not affect antiplatelet effect of clopidogrel in ACS patients. Further research on larger samples is needed to determine the role of CYP4F2 polymorphisms in personalization of clopidogrel antiplatelet therapy.

About the Authors

K. B. Mirzaev
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education
Russian Federation

Karin B. Mirzaev – MD, PhD, Senior Researcher, Research Center 

Barrikadnaya ul. 2/1, Moscow, 123995



O. D. Konova
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education Barrikadnaya ul. 2/1, Moscow, 123995
Russian Federation

Olga D. Konova – MD, Clinical Resident, Chair of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapy 

Barrikadnaya ul. 2/1, Moscow, 123995



E. A. Grishina
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education
Russian Federation

Elena A. Grishina – PhD (Biology), Associate Professor, Head of Department of Molecular Biological Research, Deputy Head of Research Center

Barrikadnaya ul. 2/1, Moscow, 123995



K. A. Ryzhikova
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education
Russian Federation

Kristina A. Ryzhikova – MD, Junior Researcher, Department of Molecular Biological Research, Research Center

Barrikadnaya ul. 2/1, Moscow, 123995



Zh. A. Sozaeva
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education
Russian Federation

Zhannet A. Sozaeva – Laboratory Assistant-Researcher, Department of Molecular Biological Research, Research Center 

Barrikadnaya ul. 2/1, Moscow, 123995



D. A. Andreev
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University
Russian Federation

Denis A. Andreev – MD, PhD, Professor, Chair of Emergency Cardiology

Trubetskaya ul. 8-2, Moscow, 119991



M. Y. Gilyarov
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University
Russian Federation

 Mikhail Y. Gilyarov – MD, PhD, Professor, Chair of Emergency Cardiology

Trubetskaya ul. 8-2, Moscow, 119991



D. A. Sychev
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education
Russian Federation

Dmitriy A. Sychev – MD, PhD, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of Chair of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapy 

Barrikadnaya ul. 2/1, Moscow, 123995



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For citation:


Mirzaev K.B., Konova O.D., Grishina E.A., Ryzhikova K.A., Sozaeva Z.A., Andreev D.A., Gilyarov M.Y., Sychev D.A. NFLUENCE OF CYP4F2*3 ON RESPONSE TO CLOPIDOGREL IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2018;14(1):47-52. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2018-14-1-47-52

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