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ENDOTHELIAL DYSFUNCTIONS AND THEIR CORRECTION IN WOMEN WITH EARLY POSTMENOPAUSE

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2017-13-2-191-196

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Abstract

Aim. To evaluate the nature of the dysfunction of the endothelium in postmenopausal women with climacteric syndrome, peculiarities of its changes during long-term use of a fixed low-dose combination of 17β-estradiol 1 mg/drosperidone 2 mg daily (Е2 1 mg/DRSP 2 mg). Material and methods. A non-randomized, uncontrolled study included 162 women in early postmenopausal period with climacteric syndrome. Patients were divided into 2 groups. Patients of the main group (n=84) received menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) with the fixed combination of Е2 1 mg/DRSP 2 mg. Patients of the control group (n=78) did not receive MHT. The duration of the follow-up was 5.2 years. The endothelium dependent vasodilation (EDVD) of brachial artery was assessed by reactive hyperemia. Endothelial dysfunction (ED) markers - plasma levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1), NO metabolites, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF:Ag) - were studied by a highly sensitive quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results. The examined postmenopausal women with climacteric syndrome had significant increase in the concentration of ET-1 up to 1.0 (0.7-1.3) fmol/ml, increased levels of vWF:Ag up to 0.835 (0.760-0.990) U/ml and reduction in the level of the total content of stable metabolites of nitric oxide (NOx) to 39.2 (35.4-43.7) μmol/l. Disorders of EDVD of the brachial artery were observed in 50 (59.5%) women of the main group and in 45 (57.6%) women of the control group (p=0.7). The relationships between EDVD parameters and levels of ADMA (r=-0.31, p=0.029) and NOx (r=0.31, p=0.002) were revealed. In patients with impaired EDVD, a significant decrease in the level of stable NO metabolites and an increase in ADMA and ET-1 levels were detected. A significant increase in the EDVD of the brachial artery was observed throughout the follow-up period. Besides an increase in NO metabolites level, and decrease in the ET-1 and ADMA levels were found by the 12th month of MHT. Conclusions. Disorders of endothelial function were found in the majority of women in early postmenopausal period, the most marked changes were in patients with impaired vasoreactivity of brachial artery. Favorable changes in vascular endothelium function were observed during long-term MHT with the fixed combination of Е2 1 mg/DRSP 2 mg.

About the Authors

S. N. Tolstov
Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky
Russian Federation

Sergey N. Tolstov - MD, PhD, Candidate for a Doctor's Degree, Chair of Therapy 

B.Kazachya ul. 112, Saratov, 410012



I. A. Salov
Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky
Russian Federation

Igor A. Salov - MD, PhD, Head of Chair of Obstetrics and Gynecology 

B.Kazachya ul. 112,Saratov, 410012




A. P. Rebrov
Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky
Russian Federation

Andrey P. Rebrov - MD, PhD, Head of Chair of Therapy 

B.Kazachya ul. 112,Saratov, 410012




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For citation:


Tolstov S.N., Salov I.A., Rebrov A.P. ENDOTHELIAL DYSFUNCTIONS AND THEIR CORRECTION IN WOMEN WITH EARLY POSTMENOPAUSE. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2017;13(2):191-196. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2017-13-2-191-196

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ISSN 1819-6446 (Print)
ISSN 2225-3653 (Online)