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Features of the Hemostasis and Platelets Enzyme Activity in Patients with Different Sensitivity to Acetylsalicylic Acid by the Acute Coronary Syndrome

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2016-12-5-509-516

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Abstract

Aim. To study the features of the state of hemostasis and platelet enzymes activity in acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) sensitive and resistant patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Material and methods. The study included 53 patients (25 men and 28 women) with ACS during the first 24 hours and after 10 days. The control group included 50 healthy volunteers. Before treatment the patients were tested on the sensitivity and resistance to ASA. The indicators of vascularplatelet and plasma hemostasis were evaluated as well as the NAD(P)- dependent dehydrogenases activity in platelets was assessed by the bioluminescent method in the first day of ACS before antiplatelet therapy and on day 10.

Results. Increase in spontaneous [1.72 U (1.28-2.72 U) and 1.60 U (1.49-2.78 U), respectively] and ADP-induced [24.4% (21.1-29.8%) and 19.2% (16.1-22.9%), respectively] platelet aggregation, von Willebrand factor activity [159.0% (108.0-190.0%) and 155.0% (149.0-185.1%), respectively] was found in ASA-resistant patients with ACS in 1 and 10 day. Besides the ASA-resistant patients with ACS had very low pentose phosphate cycle and lactate dehydrogenase aerobic activity. They also demonstrated, compared with ASA-sensitive patients, higher intensity of aerobic respiration and the level of NADP-dependent substrate exchange between the tricarboxylic acid cycle and reactions of amino acid metabolism.

Conclusion. Despite the dual antiplatelet therapy with ASA and clopidogrel, risk of thrombotic events is saved in ASA resistant patients with ACS. The metabolic changes in platelet influence their aggregation activity and cause an inadequate response to the antiplatelet therapy in ACS patients.

About the Authors

I. Yu. Grinshtein
Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky. Partizana Zheleznyaka ul. 1, Krasnoyarsk, 660022 Russia
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Teaching Assistant, Chair of Outpatient Therapy and Family Medicine, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky



A. A. Savchenko
Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky. Partizana Zheleznyaka ul. 1, Krasnoyarsk, 660022 Russia Scientific Research Institute of Medical Problems of the North. Partizana Zheleznyaka ul. 3G, Krasnoyarsk, 660022 Russia
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Professor, Head of Laboratory of Cell-Molecular Physiology and Pathology, Scientific Research Institute of Medical Problems of the North, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences; Head of Chair of Physiology named after Prof. A.T. Pshonik, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky



Yu. I. Grinshtein
Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky. Partizana Zheleznyaka ul. 1, Krasnoyarsk, 660022 Russia
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Professor, Head of Chair of Therapy, Institute of Postgraduate Education, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky



M. M. Petrova
Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky. Partizana Zheleznyaka ul. 1, Krasnoyarsk, 660022 Russia
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Professor, Head of Chair of Outpatient Therapy, Family Medicine and Healthy Lifestyle, Vice-rector for Scientific Work, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky



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For citation:


Grinshtein I.Y., Savchenko A.A., Grinshtein Y.I., Petrova M.M. Features of the Hemostasis and Platelets Enzyme Activity in Patients with Different Sensitivity to Acetylsalicylic Acid by the Acute Coronary Syndrome. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2016;12(5):509-516. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2016-12-5-509-516

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