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CALCIUM ANTAGONISTS IN THE TREATMENT OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION DURING PREGNANCY

https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2006-2-4-53-57

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Abstract

According to WHO data, arterial hypertension (HT) is revealed in 15-20% of pregnant women. In different regions of Russia the incidence of pregnancy HT varies from 7 to 29%. In women with HT started before pregnancy , perinatal losses are observed in 3, 8%, premature births – in 15, 3% and intrauterine growth retardation - in 16, 6%. Physiological gestational changes of hemodynamics are described. Hypertensive pregnant patients of high and low risk are defined. Non-pharmacological treatment of pregnant women with HT is presented in details. Antihypertensive therapy may not be used in hypertensive patients of low risk with blood pressure (BP) of 140-160\90-110 mm Hg. If BP is higher antihypertensive therapy should be used immediately. Dihydropyridine calcium antagonists (CA) is drugs of choice for HT treatment during pregnancy , especially “advanced” CA of the third generation. They have predictable efficacy. It is possible to use short-acting nifedipine for treatment of acute HT in pregnant patients.

About the Author

R. I. Striuk
Moscow state medico-stomatological University
Russian Federation


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For citation:


Striuk R.I. CALCIUM ANTAGONISTS IN THE TREATMENT OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION DURING PREGNANCY. Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology. 2006;2(4):53-57. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20996/1819-6446-2006-2-4-53-57

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ISSN 1819-6446 (Print)
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